Terminology

Stances

Dachi (da-chee) - Stance

Zenkutsu dachi (zen-ku-tsu da-chee) - Front stance

Kokutsu dachi (ko-ku-tsu da-chee) - Back stance

Kiba dachi (kee-ba da-chee) - Horse Stance

Fudo dachi (foo-do da-chee) - Immovable stance

Areas of the body

Jodan (jo-dan) - Upper level

Chudan (choo-dan) - Middle level

Gedan (gae-dan) - Lower level

Punches and hand techniques

Tsuki (zu-kee) - Punch

Choku tsuki (cho-ku-zu-kee) - Straight punch

Oi tsuki (oee zu-kee) - Stepping punch

Gyaku tsuki (gya-ku zu-kee) - Reverse punch

Ura tsuki (oo-ra zu-kee) - Close punch

Kizami tsuki (kee-zamy zu-kee) - Front hand punch

Morote tsuki (mo-ro-tay zu-kee) - Double hand punch

Tate tsuki (ta-tay zu-kee) - Vertical fist

Kicks and leg techniques

Geri (ge-ree) - Kick

Mae geri (my ge-ree) - Front kick

Yoko geri kekomi (yo-ko ge-ree ke-ko-mee) - Side thrust kick

Yoko geri keage (yo-ko ge-ree kay-a-gee) - Side snap kick

Mawashi geri (ma-wa-she ge-ree) - Round house kick

Ushiro geri (u-she-ro ge-ree) - Back kick

Tobi geri (toh-bee ge-ree) - Jumping kick

Ren geri (ren ge-ree) - Combination kicking

Ashi Barai (ah-she bah-rye) - Foot sweep

Blocking

Uke (oo-kay) - Block

Age uke (ah-gae oo-kay) - Rising block

Soto uke (soh-toe oo-kay) - Outside block

Uchi ude uke (oo-chee oo-day oo-kay) - Inside block

Gedan barai (gae-dan bah-rye) - Downward / Sweeping block

Shuto uke (shoo-toh oo-kay) - Knife hand block

Striking points

Shuto (shoo-toh) - Knife hand

Empi (em-pee) - Elbow

Tetsui (tet-tsue-ee) - Hammer fist

Nukite (noo-key-teh) - finger strike

Kakato (kah-kah-toe) - Heel

Sokuto (soh-koo-toe) - Knife edge of foot

Koshi (ko-she) - Ball of foot

Hittsui (hit-tsue-ee) - Knee strike

Karate form

Kihon (kee-hohn) - Basic movements

Kata (ka-tah) - Basic form

Kumite (koo-me-teh) - Sparring

Sparring forms

Gohon kumite (goh-hohn koo-mee-teh) - Five Attack Sparring

Sambon kumite (sahn-bohn koo-mee-teh) - Three Attack Sparring

Ippon kumite (eep-pone koo-mee-teh) - One Attack Sparring

Jiyu Ippon Kumite (jee-yoo eep-pone koo-mee-teh) - Semi Free Sparring

Jiyu Kumite (Jee-yoo koo-me-teh) - Free Style Sparring

Miscellaneous

Dojo (doe-joe) - Training hall

Sensei (sehn-seh-ee) - Instructor

Rei (reh-ee) - Bow

Osu (oss) - Dojo greeting / I understand

Kamae (kah-mah-eh) - Fighting posture

Waza (wha-zah) - Technique

Hajime (hah-jee-may) - Begin

Yoi (yoh-ee) - Ready position

Yame (yah-mah-eh) - Stop

Naore (en-oy-ray) - Return to starting position

Yasume (yah-soo-may) - Rest / relax

Counting

Ichi (Ee-chee) - One

Ni (Knee) - Two

San (Sahn) - Three

Shi (She) - Four

Go (goh) - Five

Roku (Roh-koo) - Six

Shichi (She-chee) - Seven

Hachi (Ha!-tchee) - Eight

Kyuu (Queue) - Nine

Juu (Joo) - Ten